June 23, 2021 by Ana
We can all agree that skincare is an art and a science, but letting this statement intimidate you is not an option, as it is something you can all learn. And the first lesson is knowing your skin type as this will help you find the right products to treat it properly and prevent potential issues.
If you are interested in learning about the principal skin types, normal, oily, dry, and combination, and finding out what problems they bring and how they influence the appearance of wrinkles, continue reading.
We are sure you heard about “normal” skin before, and if you already know this is your type, consider yourself lucky. Normal skin indicates well-balanced skin or, if you want to use the scientific term, eudermic.
This means that your T-zone, which refers to the forehead, chin, and nose, might be slightly oily, but overall, your skin is neither too dry nor too oily, with balanced sebum and moisture. As you age, your normal skin can become dryer. However, with good care, it remains velvety and soft, and it keeps its smooth texture, showcasing fine pores, a fresh, rosy color. Lucky you!
If, when you look in the mirror, you see a dull or shiny, thick complexion, enlarged, clearly visible pores, blackheads, pimples, or other blemishes, you have oily skin. This type of skin is defined by heightened sebum production, known as seborrhea. This can be triggered by several issues like genetics and hormonal changes and imbalances, stress, make-up products that irritate, or medication.
Unfortunately, this type of skin is prone to various forms of acne, especially during puberty, and comedones, which are also known as blackheads and whiteheads. And, if you believe having oily skin comes with fewer wrinkles, in reality, this is partly true. While you might get fewer forehead lines because the extra sebaceous glands give you a thicker dermis, loss of collagen doesn't bypass oily skin, and deep lines will appear, but usually on the lower half of your face.
To take care of it properly, there are a few things you should consider. Though it might be tempting, don’t wash your face more than twice daily and after you sweat a lot, never pick, pop, or squeeze your pimples, don’t scrub, always use gentle cleansers, and, when you shop for skincare products and cosmetics, look for the word “non-comedogenic,” which means they won’t clog your pores. And, of course, don’t forget to take care of skin aging and do everything to prevent wrinkles!
When people say dry skin or, more scientifically, Xerosis, we immediately think of deep lines, and, even if all skin types are prone to wrinkles, there's a reason for that. Dry skin produces less sebum than it should and doesn't retain moisture or build a protective shield against external influences, increasing the appearance of lines and pronounced wrinkles, giving you a dull, rough appearance and red patches.
The dryness can be caused by a lack of epidermal lipids such as fatty acids, ceramides, or cholesterol, which are necessary for a healthy skin barrier function. Also, a deficiency of natural moisturizing factors (NMFs) that help binding in water, especially urea, lactic acid, and amino acids, leads to dry skin.
But UV radiation from sun or tanning beds, windy or cold weather, indoor heating, ingredients in cosmetics, medications, as well as long, hot baths and showers can generate or worsen dryness. Keep in mind that these external factors can influence all skin types, and the result is a compromised skin’s barrier function, visible wrinkles, and itchy, irritated, or inflamed skin. To care for dry skin, use mild, gentle beauty products and cosmetics, take shorter showers and baths, use a humidifier, don't let indoor temperatures get too hot, avoid sun exposure and scrubbing, and always moisturize.
As its name says, combination skin is a mix of a dry and oily complexion: an oily T-Zone, caused by an overproduction of sebum, and dryer cheeks, as a result of a lack of sebum and a corresponding lipid deficiency. The so-called T-zone can differ from one person to another, some having a slim zone, while others a more extended area. Combination skin is prone to a shiny appearance, blackheads, and more open pores that look larger than normal. But, with the loss of collagen and aging, combination skin also brings you wrinkles, and, since you’re the lucky owner of two types of skin, you should consider extra care, especially when it comes to those dry areas.
Using a gentle face cleanser day and night, regular exfoliation, moisturizing, and sunscreen no matter what the season or your outdoor activity are mandatory aspects of your pampering routine. And, keep in mind that when it comes to moisturizing, things can get tricky. You will most likely need a lightweight, water-based, oil-controlling moisturizer in your T-Zone, but a richer formula for your dry areas. These areas might show wrinkles before the oilier ones, like your forehead, so be sure to moisturize them correctly.
Keep Your Skin Looking Its Best, No Matter the Type
Because of the low levels of oil and lipids and collagen loss, dry skin becomes more apparent over the years. But aging, skin dermatological modifications, and lack of collagen affect everybody, and normal, oily, and combination skin also become dryer with age. So, even if dry skin is considered most prone to fine lines, wrinkles, and dry patches, quite possibly, prematurely, these issues won’t bypass the rest.
However, this is not a reason to freak out! With proper care, everybody can age gracefully, no matter the skin type! All you need is a correct skincare routine that includes staying hydrated, eating healthy, not smoking, using sunscreen that blocks both UVA and UVB rays, washing your skin gently but thoroughly every day, and moisturizing.
Don’t forget about giving up unhealthy habits like squinting, for instance. If you find this difficult, you can always opt for Face Smoothing Patches. You can wear them when at your desk, when you exercise, while cooking or cleaning. Even at night, especially if you use a pillow and sleep pressing your face against it. And if you are worried about comfort, you won’t even feel them. Not only do they work miracles, improving irregular collagen structure and creating an increased blood flow, but they are very comfy and easy to wear.